of Saudi Arabia- SPA-Dulkedah,6 1426- December,8 2005(IINA)
Based on the views and recommendations of scholars and
intellectuals, convinced of the potential for the Muslim Ummah to
achieve its renaissance, and in order to take practical steps
towards strengthening the bonds of Islamic solidarity, achieve unity
of ranks, and project the true image and noble values of Islam, a
Ten-Year program of Action has been developed, which reviews the
most prominent challenges facing the Muslim world today, as well as
ways and means to address them in an objective and realistic way in
order to serve as a practicable and workable program for all OIC
In the intellectual and political fields, there are major issues,
such as establishing the values of moderation and tolerance,
combating extremism, violence and terrorism, countering
Islamophobia, achieving solidarity and cooperation among member
states, conflict prevention, the question of Palestine, the rights
of Muslim minorities and communities, and rejecting unilateral
sanctions. All of these are issues which require a renewed
commitment to be addressed through effective strategies.
In the economic and scientific fields, the Ummah needs to achieve
higher levels of development and prosperity, given its abundant
economic resources and capacities. Priority must be given to
enhancing economic cooperation, intra-OIC trade, alleviating poverty
in OIC member states, particularly in conflict-affected areas, and
addressing issues related to globalization, economic liberalization,
environment, and science and technology.
As for education and culture, there is an urgent need to tackle the
spread of illiteracy and low standards of education at all levels as
well as a need to redress ideological deviation. In the social
field, it is imperative to focus on the rights of women, children
and the family.
In implementing the new vision and goals for the Muslim world, the
role of the OIC is central, which requires its reform in a way that
meets the hopes and aspirations of the Ummah in the 21st century.
To achieve this new vision and mission for a brighter, more
prosperous and dignified future for the Ummah, we, the Kings and
Heads of State of the OIC member states, decide to adopt the
following Ten-Year Program of Action, with a mid-term review, for
1. Intellectual and political issues
I. Political Will
1. Demonstrate the necessary political will in order to translate
the anticipated new vision into concrete reality and call upon the
Secretary General to take necessary steps to submit practical
proposals to the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.
2. Urge member states to fully implement the provisions of the OIC
charter and resolutions.
II. Solidarity, joint Islamic action
1. Demonstrate strong commitment and credibility in Joint Islamic
Action by effective implementation of OIC resolutions, and limit the
adoption of resolutions to those that can be practically
implemented. In this context, the Secretary General should be
empowered to fully play his role in following up the implementation
of all OIC resolutions.
2. Affirm commitment to Islamic solidarity among the OIC member
states vis-à-vis the challenges and threats faced or experienced by
the Muslim Ummah, and endeavor to develop a legal framework to
define member states duties and obligations in this regard.
3. Participate and coordinate effectively in all regional and
international forums, in order to protect and promote the collective
interests of the Muslim Ummah, including UN reform, expanding the
Security Council membership, and extending the necessary support to
candidatures of OIC member states to international and regional
4. Continue to support the issue of Al Quds Al Sharif as a central
cause of the OIC and the Muslim Ummah, and support the struggle of
Muslim peoples to safeguard their legitimate rights.
III. Moderation in Islam
1. Endeavor to spread the correct ideas about Islam as a religion of
moderation and tolerance in order to fortify Muslims against
extremism and narrow-mindedness.
2. Condemn extremism in all its forms and manifestations, as it
contradicts Islamic and human values; and address its political,
economic, social, and cultural root-causes, which are to be faced
with rationality, persuasion, and good counsel.
3. Emphasize the inter-civilizational dialogue, based on mutual
respect and understanding, and equality are prerequisites for
international peace and security, peaceful co-existence, and
participation in developing the mechanism for that dialogue.
4. Encourage inter-religious dialogue and underline common values
5. Ensure the OIC s participation as a proactive partner in the
dialogue among civilizations and religions, as well as in
initiatives and efforts exerted in this regard.
6. Utilize the different mass media in order to serve and defend the
causes of the Muslim Ummah, promote the noble principles and values
of Islam, and correct misconceptions about it.
7. Strive for the teaching of Islamic education, culture,
civilization, and the jurisprudence and literature of difference;
call on member states to co-operate amongst themselves in order to
develop balanced educational curricula that promote values of
tolerance, human rights, openness, and understanding of other
religions and cultures; reject fanaticism and extremism, and
establish pride in the Islamic identity.
IV. The Islamic Fiqh Academy (IFA)
1. Reform the Islamic Fiqh Academy to make it the supreme
jurisprudential authority for the Muslim Ummah, adopt competence and
jurisprudential, scholarly, and professional aptitude as criteria
for the membership of the IFA; and mandate the OIC Secretary-General
to convene eminent persons to select the working group that will
conduct the detailed study to develop the IFA s work in accordance
with the following objectives:
a. Coordinate religious ruling 9fatwa) authorities in the Muslim
b. Combat religious and sectarian extremism, refrain from accusing
Islamic schools of heresy, emphasize dialogue among them, and
strengthen balance, moderation, and tolerance.
c. Refute fatwas that take Muslims away from the parameters and
constants of their religion and its established schools.
V. Combating terrorism
1. Emphasize the condemnation of terrorism in all its forms, and
reject any justification or rationalization for it, consider it as a
global phenomenon that is not connected with any religion, race,
color, or country, and distinguish it from the legitimate resistance
to foreign occupation, which does not sanction the killing of
2. Introduce comprehensive qualitative changes to national laws and
legislations in order to criminalize all terrorist practices as well
as all practices to support, finance, or instigate terrorism.
3. Affirm commitment to the OIC convention on combating terrorism
participate actively in international counter-terrorism efforts, and
endeavor to implement the recommendations of the International
Conference on Combating Terrorism, held in Riyadh in February 2005,
including the establishment of an International Center for Combating
Terrorism, as well as the recommendations of the Special Meeting of
OIC Foreign Ministers on Terrorism, held in Kuala Lumpur in April
4. Support efforts to develop an International Code of Conduct to
VI. Combating Islamophobia
1. Emphasize the responsibility of the international community,
including all governments, to ensure respect for all religions and
combat their defamation.
2. Affirm the need to counter Islamophobia, through establishing an
observatory at the OIC General Secretariat to monitor all forms of
Islamophobia, issue an annual report thereon, and ensure cooperation
with international Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs) in the West
in order to counter Islamophobia.
3. Endeavor to have the United Nations adopt an international
resolution to counter Islamophobia, and call upon all States to
enact laws to counter it, including deterrent punishments.
4. Initiate a structured and sustained dialogue with the parties
concerned in order to project the true values of Islam and empower
Muslim countries to help in the war against extremism and terrorism.
VII. Human Rights
1. Seriously endeavor to enlarge the scope of political
participation, ensure equality, public liberties, social justice,
transparency, and accountability, and eliminate corruption in the
OIC member states.
2. Call upon the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers to consider
the possibility of establishing an independent permanent body to
promote human rights in the member states, in accordance with the
provisions of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam.
3. Mandate the OIC general secretariat to cooperate with other
international and regional organizations to protect the rights of
Muslim minorities and communities in non-OIC member states, and
promote close cooperation with the governments of the states hosting
VIII. Palestine and occupied Arab territories
1. Make all efforts to end the Israeli occupation of Arab and
Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including East
Jerusalem, the Syrian Golan, and the rest of the occupied Lebanese
territories, and extend effective support for the Palestinian people
s right to self-determination and the establishment of their
independent state with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.
2. Maintain a united stand on the comprehensive resolution of the
Palestinian question according to OIC resolutions, UN resolutions
(242, 338, 1515 and UN General Assembly Resolution 194), the Arab
Peace Initiative, and the Roadmap, in concert and consultation with
the UN, the Quartet, and other stakeholders, such as to make full
withdrawal as a prerequisite for establishing normal relations with
Israel, and for providing the OIC with a greater role in
3. Support the efforts of Al-Quds Committee in protecting the
Palestinian presence in Al-Quds and safeguarding the city of Al-Quds
heritage and Arab and Islamic identity, affirm the sanctity of
Al-Aqsa Mosque and its facilities against any violations, counter
the policy of judaization of the Holy City, and support the
Palestinian institutions in Al-Quds and establish the University of
4. Extend full support to the Palestinian Authority in its efforts
to negotiate for the inalienable Palestinian rights and extend
necessary assistance to ensure control of all Palestinian
territories, international crossings, reopen Gaza airport and
seaport, and connect Gaza with the West Bank in order to ensure free
movement of the Palestinians.
5. Work together wit the international community to compel Israel to
stop and dismantle its settlements in the occupied Palestinian
territories and the occupied Syrian Golan; remove the racist
separation wall built inside the Palestinian territories, including
within and around the city of Al-Quads, in accordance with the
relevant UN resolutions and the opinion of the International Court
of Justice (ICJ).
IX. Conflict resolution and peace building
1. Enhance cooperation among the OIC member states and between the
OIC and international and regional organizations in order to protect
the common rights and interests of the member states in conflict
resolution and in peacekeeping and confidence building.
2. Strengthen the role of the OIC in confidence-building,
peacekeeping and conflict resolution in the Muslim world.
X. Reform of the OIC
1. Reform the OIC through restructuring, and consider changing its
name, review its Charter and activities and provide it with highly
qualified manpower, in such a manner as to promote its role,
reactivate its institutions and strengthen its relations with NGOs
in the OIC member states; empower the secretary-general to discharge
his duties and provide him with the necessary powers and sufficient
flexibility and the resources that enable him to carry out the tasks
assigned to him.
2. Establish a mechanism for the follow-up of resolutions by
creating an Executive Body, comprising and the summit and
Ministerial Troikas the OIC host country, and the General
Secretariat. The Member State concerned should be invited to
participate in the deliberations of these meetings.
3. Call for strengthening all OIC specialized and affiliated organs
in order to play their aspired role, and reinforce coordination with
the General Secretariat, and request it to review the activities of
these organs and dissolve those that prove to be inefficient.
4. Mandate the Secretary General to prepare a study to strengthen
the role of Islamic Solidarity Fund and develop Fund and develop it,
and submit the study to the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.
5. Urge Member States to pay in full and on time their mandatory
contributions to the General Secretariat and Subsidiary Organs, in
accordance with relevant resolutions, in order to enable Member
States to avail themselves of the facilities and services offered by
OIC subsidiary organs and specialized and affiliated institutions.
2. Development, social economic and scientific issues
Call upon the Member States to sign and ratify all existing OIC
trade and economic agreements, and to Implement the provisions of
the relevant OIC Plan of Action to Strengthen Economic and
Commercial Cooperation among OIC Member State.
. Mandate COMCEC to promote measures to expand the scope of
intra-OIC trade, and to consider the possibility of establishing a
Free Trade Zone between the Member State in order to achieve greater
economic integration to raise it to a percentage of 20% of the
overall trade volume during the period covered by the plan.
Promote endeavors for institutionalized and enhanced cooperation
between OIC and regional and international institutions working in
the economic and commercial fields.
Support OIC Member States in their efforts to accede to the World
trade Organization (WTO), and promote concerted positions between
the member States within the WTO.
Call upon the OIC Member States to facilitate the freedom of
movement of businessmen and investors among them, and conduct a
feasibility study on the Draft Makkah Visa Agreement for Businessmen
proposed by the Islamic Chamber for Commerce and Industry.
Support expanding electronic commerce among the OIC Member States
and call on the Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry to
strengthen its activities in the field of data and expertise
exchanges between chambers of commerce of the member States.
Call upon the Member States to coordinate their environmental for a
so as to prevent any adverse effects of such policies on their
II. Supporting the Islamic Development Bank
Consider achieving development programmes, eliminating illiteracy
for both genders, eradicating diseases and epidemics, particularly
Polio and AIDS, and combating poverty and unemployment, as urgent
strategic objectives of he Muslim Ummah; strive also to mobilize all
available resources in order to achieve these objectives by
establishing an IDB special fund. As a concrete expression of the
unity and interdependence of the Muslim World, each OIC Member State
should allocate an annual percentage of its budget, according to its
financial resources, however little it may be. The IDB Board of
Governors should be entrusted to implement the above proposals.
Commission the IDB Board of Governors to consider making a
substantial increase in the Bank s authorized, subscribed, and
paid-up capital, so as to enable it to strengthen its role in
providing financial support and technical assistance to OIC member
States, and strengthen the Islamic Corporation for Trade Finance
recently established within the IDB
Urge the IDB to develop its mechanisms and programmes aimed at
cooperation with the private sector and to consider streamlining and
activating its decision-making process.
Urge the IDB and its institutions to study and explore investment
opportunities and intra-OIC t4rade, and to conduct other feasibility
studies to provide the necessary information to develop0 and promote
III. Social solidarity in the face of natural disasters
Islam advocates solidarity with, and assistance to all the needy
without discrimination, which requires the Islamic States to avoid
and adopt a clear strategy on Islamic relief action and support the
trend towards cooperation and coordination between individual relief
efforts of Islamic States and Islamic civil society institutions on
the one hand, and between those of international civil society
institutions and organizations on the other hand.
IV. Supporting development and poverty alleviation in Africa.
Promote activities aimed at achieving economic and social
development in African countries, including supporting
industrialization, energizing trade and investment, transferring
technology, alleviating their debt burden and poverty, and
eradicating diseases; welcome the New Economic Partnership for
African Development (NEPAD).
Call upon the Member States to poverty in the Least-Developed Member
States of the OIC.
Support the efforts of the Low-income OIC Members States to find
effective ways and mechanisms to alleviate their external debt
Urge international specialized institutions and organizations to
exert greater efforts to alleviate poverty in the Least- Developed
Member States and assist Muslim societies, the refugees and
displaced in the OIC Member States, and Muslim Minorities and
Communities in non-OIC Member States to contribute to the World Fund
for Solidarity and Combating Poverty.
V. Higher Education, Science and Technology.
Effectively improve and reform higher education institutions and
curricula, link postgraduate studies to the comprehensive
development plans of the Islamic World. At the same time, priority
should be given to science and technology and facilitating academic
interaction and exchange of knowledge among the academic
institutions of Members States.
Urge the member States to strive for quality education that promotes
creativity, innovation, and research and development.
Assimilate highly-qualified Muslims within the Muslim World, develop
a comprehensive strategy in order to utilize their competencies and
prevent brain migration phenomenon.
Call upon Islamic countries to encourage research and development
programmes, taking into account that the global percentage of this
activity is 2% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and request
Member States to ensure that their individual contribution is not
inferior to half of this percentage.
Study feasibility of creating an OIC Award for Outstanding
Scientific Achievements by Muslim scientists.
Encourage public and private national research institution to invest
I technology capacity-building.
Review the performance of the OIC-affiliated universities so as to
improve their effectiveness and efficiency, and call for
participation in the two Waqfs (Endowments) dedicated t the two
universities in Niger and Uganda.
Urge the IDB to further enhance its programme of scholarships for
outstanding students and HI-Tech specializations aimed at developing
the scientific, technical, and research capabilities of scientists
and researchers in the Members States.
VI. Right of Women, Children, and the Family in the Muslim World.
Strengthen laws aimed at enhancing the advancement of women in
Muslim societies in economic, cultural, social, and political
fields, in accordance with Islamic values of justice and equality:
and aimed also at protecting women from all forms of violence and
discrimination and adhering to the provisions of the Convention on
the Elimination of all forms of Di8scrimination against Women.
Give special attention to women s education and female literacy.
Expedite developing The Covenant on the Rights of Women in Islam ,
in accordance with Resolution NO. 60/27-P and the Cairo Declaration
on Human Rights in Islam.
Strive to provide free, compulsory, and quality primary education
for all children.
Strength laws aimed at preserving the rights of children, enjoying
the highest possible health levels, taking effective measures in
order to eradicate poliomyelitis and protect them from all forms of
violence and exploitation
Encourage the Member States to sign and ratify the OIC Covenant on
the Rights of the Child in Islam, the United Nations Deceleration on
the Rights of the Child in Islam, the UN Convention on the Rights of
the Child and its annexed Optional Protocols, and the Convention on
the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its
Optional Protocol with regard to the Girl Child.
Call upon the OIC to contribute towards projecting Islam as a
religion that guarantees full protection of women s rights and
encourages their participation in all walks of life.
Accord necessary attention to the family as the principal nucleus of
the Muslim society, exert all possible efforts, at all levels, to
face up to the contemporary social challenges confronting the Muslim
family and affecting its cohesion, on the basis of Islamic values.
VII. Mass Media
Call upon TV channels and the mass media to deal with in
International mass media effectively in order to enable the Muslim
world to express its perspective on international developments.
Call on the mass media in Member States, including satellite
channels, to agree on a Code of Ethics that caters for diversity and
pluralism and safeguards the Ummah s values and interests.
Mandate the Secretary-General too prepare a report to evaluate the
current situation of IINA, ISBO, and the OIC information
Development; consider ways and means to activate the role and
mechanisms of the media within the framework of the OIC System; and
submit proposals, in this regards, to the Islamic Conference of
Information Ministers for consideration.
VIII. Cultural Exchange among Member States
1. Accord attention to Arabic as the language of Qur an develop
programmes for translation between the languages of the Muslim
Ummah, and implement programs of cultural exchanges among the OIC
Member States, including Observer States